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Diwali | An Indian Festival With Rich History |

Diwali is one of the most awaited festivals of India. Nine-day festival, celebrated with much fanfare and excitement all over the country on the last day of August or the first day of September. Diwali is mainly a celebration of lights, however. Like any other major festival celebrated worldwide, Diwali also has a rich tradition of various gifts and good wishes given to loved ones and family members. Diwali brings families and loved ones together to celebrate the miracle of lights.  Legends says  Shri Ram comes back Ayodhya with his wife Sita and brother Laxman. It is also the main festival observed in Uttarakhand. Here people call Diwali the Festival of Lights.

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What is Diwali? 

Diwali is also a major festival of India celebrated with great fanfare. In different parts of India, many major celebrations are celebrated with great pomp and show. In Himachal Pradesh, for example, during Diwali, the entire state is decorated with lights. At the same time, the capital of Chandigarh, Shimla, turns into a luminous city with street lights all around. The whole state of Himachal Pradesh is decorated with lights, which makes it very attractive to tourists from across the country and abroad who visit India. Some of the most popular lights used during Diwali are:

Diwali celebrations are a time for Diwali sangeet (goddess worship) and also a time for testing the family’s religious beliefs and playing traditional games. In India, most homes are also lighted with ornaments and candles to worship the Hindu goddess of wealth, Goddess Lakshmi. In some regions of Rajasthan, the locals light up the entire compound of the local temple of the Hindu god of wealth, Lord Brahma, with fire on Diwali Day. On any other occasion, the rich and powerful get together their families and close friends, light up Diwali candles and light up Diwali huts with fire to pray for the success of the prosperous season. Diwali celebration is truly a magical event that brings everyone close to the divine light.

What is Diwali, and Why is it Celebrated?

A festival celebrating the triumph of good over evil with music, dance, and stories is one of India’s biggest festivals. It is celebrated on the last day of the Hindu month of Rajasthan at the famous Diwali festival celebrations. The festival celebrations mark the triumph of good over bad and extend to a period of nine days. On this day, the entire region of Rajasthan gets engulfed in a flood of lights as it marks the return of the positive vibes along with the returns of good fortunes that prevailed throughout the year.

With the festival’s popularity, a large number of hotels in cities like Hyderabad, Bangalore, Mumbai, Kolkata, and others offer discounts and attractive packages during this period. Besides, the festival is celebrated with great vigor and passion by Hindus and people of other religions and castes. This is also considered the most colorful festival of India that witnesses intense street parties, fairs, frolics, colorful costumes, stone-throwing competitions, colorful rituals, and a wide range of activities.

The popularity of the festival has made it more commercialized, and people get excited by such features. They follow the trends and try to celebrate the festival as close to the time as possible. Some prefer to celebrate the festival pictorially while some go for a quieter atmosphere. The colorful processions, fire pyres, vibrant colors, beautiful flowers, music, dance, and games add to the excitement of the festival. Most importantly, people decorate their homes and offices with colorful items like flowers, diyas, candles, wall hangings, etc. People exchange gifts and greet each other with a kiss or embrace.

Why is Diwali Celebrated in India?

Diwali is a festival with a lot of meanings, and it is celebrated all across the country on the 7th of November. This is when people, who are followers of different religions, gather to celebrate and pray. Earlier, this celebration was mostly observed in the form of a hunt where people would gather together to break the fast for their lord. But now, along with other changes, the celebrations have become much vibrant, which is why they are celebrated in different parts of the country. If you too want to celebrate this festival in India, there are some important things that you need to keep in mind about the festival.

The main reason is that the country’s people love to spend the whole day on this day, celebrating and praying as if it were their only religion. There is heavy decorating of houses and streets on this day, and people do their best to make the day very colorful and beautiful. Along with this, there is singing of beautiful songs and dancing, and most importantly there are lots of gifts given to people, and they use them on this special day.

Apart from the fact that it is a religious festival and the people of the country like to celebrate it, there is another aspect of this celebration that is very important to India’s people, and that is the profit margin. Many companies are ready to do any advertising work for which they give a huge amount of money and for which they require people to get excited and participate actively. So, along with the normal things like meals, snacks, and Diwali sweets, there is the even greater importance of advertising and marketing in the entire celebration.

How Many Days Is Diwali 2021?

  • Diwali 2021 Day 1 — Dhanteras: the 2nd of November, 2021 (Tuesday) 
  • Diwali 2021 Day 2 — Choti Diwali: the 3rd of November, 2021 (Wednesday) 
  • Diwali 2021 Day 3 — “Diwali”: the 4th of November, 2021 (Thursday) 
  • Diwali 2021 Day 4 — Padwa: the 5th of November, 2021 (Friday) 
  • Diwali 2021 Day 5 — Bhai Duj: the 6th of November, 2021 (Saturday)

Diwali reflects the Hindu lunar calendar, and its date moves every year– it is commemorated on a new moon night in October or November.

How Do People Celebrate Diwali?

What do we learn from the festivals of India? What do we learn from the Diwali festival in particular? How do people celebrate Diwali?

  1.   Dhanteras:It is the first day of Diwali. People will offer puja or pooja rituals, place diyas encompassing the porches or doorways of their houses, and buy kitchen appliances. These are assumed to draw good luck.
  2.  Narak Chaturdashi:Different areas commemorate this day in different styles. However several people will spend time at house and exchange sweets with friends or relatives. People may also adorn the floorboards of their house with rangolis—elaborate designs made from colored powder, rice, and flowers.
  3.  Lakshmi Puja: The principal ceremony is the most auspicious day to invoke the goddess Lakshmi. Folks will deck up and meet for a prayer to venerate her, customarily accompanied by a delicious feast, panoramic fireworks shows, and more celebrations.
  4.  Govardhan Puja:The day is connected with Lord Krishna and the Gujarati new year. A range of cuisine offerings is cooked for Puja.
  5.  Bhaiya Dooj:The last day is devoted to rejoicing the sibling relationship. Traditionally, brothers visit and bear presents to their sisters, who honor them with unique rituals and sweets.



Many people have a special place in their house or in their yard where they lit the Diwali lamps and waited for the arrival of the lord. The exchange of cards and greetings is an important part of the celebration. The people light lamps, offer prayers to the Gods, buy utensils and other things like new clothes for women. While celebrating Diwali, we must remember that this festival is not just about the lights. The celebration is also about the exchange of love and warmth between people. It’s about welcoming the darkness of the cold winter season with joy and cheerfulness.



Sources: Wikipedia



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